Heart disease emerges, when the blood vessels providing supply to the heart gets damaged. Plaques along with inflammation are the major reasons for heart disease. The function of the coronary arteries is to supply blood, nutrients and oxygen to the heart. If there is a build -up of plaque i narrows down the arteries whereby decreasing the flow of blood to the heart. A complete blockage can lead to heart attack.
Since heart disease develops over a period of time, you will notice witness any symptoms till there is a significant blockage or a heart attack. But steps can be taken on how to prevent heart diseases. Following a healthy lifestyle has a major impact. Blockage in heart treatment is bound to arise and steps are to be taken to prevent them at the earliest.
If there is widening of the coronary arteries it cannot supply blood to the heart. At an initial stage the decrease of blood flow might not cause a lot of symptoms. Ever since the plaque continues to build up in the arteries you may encounter the following symptoms.
Chest pain- there is bound to be a feeling of tightness in the chest as if someone stands on your chest. This pain known as angina occurs on the middle or the left side of your chest. It is normally trigged by physical or emotional stress. The pain is going to fade after a few seconds when you stop the physical activity.
Breath shortness- if you are not in a position to pump enough amount of blood to cope up with the requirements of your body it may lead to extreme fatigue or shortness of breath in the human body
Heart attack- if there is a complete blockage of the coronary artery it may lead to a heart attack. A classical sign of a heart attack includes a crushing pain in the arms or shoulders with sweatiness or shortness of breath
Women are less likely to showcase signs or heart attack symptoms such as jaw or neck pain. But they might display other symptoms like fatigue or shortness of breath.
There are a few changes that you can make to your lifestyle and keep heart diseases at bay. If you follow a healthy lifestyle you can keep the arteries free from plaques. To reduce the incidence of heart attacks follow the below tips
Try to be physically active and maintain a healthy weight
Combat and manage stress
Be in control of conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes or cholesterol
Diagnosis and treatment
The doctor is going to ask a few questions about your medical history undertake a physical exam and conduct blood tests. They might suggest a series of diagnostic tests like
ECG- known as electro diagram is known to record electrical signals the moment they travel through the heart. It can give an evidence of a previous heart attack or if something is in progress
Nuclear stress test- this is a similar test like the exercise stress test but to the ECG recordings images are added. It measures the flow of blood to the heart at rest and during stress. To your bloodstream a tracer is injected and special cameras figure out the areas in your heart that receives less blood flow.
Cardiac CT scan- this scan can help a doctor detect the calcium deposits in the arteries which might narrow down the arteries. If there is a substantial amount of calcium discovery there is a possibility of coronary heart disease
Numerous drugs are used to deal with coronary heart disease like
Beta blockers- the use of these drugs slow down the heart rate and decreases he blood pressure. It is going to reduce the demand for oxygen. If you have already been a victim of heart attack beta blockers is going to reduce the risk of future attacks and prevent blood clots in heart treatment.
Cholesterol controlling medicines- the medications deals with the major component that is the deposit on the coronary arteries. Hence the low cholesterol reduces. The doctor has a wide range of medicines to choose from
In some scenarios an aggressive treatment might be necessary. The doctor might insert a thin long tube on the narrow side of the artery. A deflated balloon with a wire passes through the catheter on to the narrow area. To keep the artery open a stent is often used. The stents release medication slowly to keep the heart open.
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